Todorov: What is the inherent defect of patriotism?


„What, then, is the inherent defect of patriotism? In preferring one part of humanity to the rest, the citizen transgresses a fundamental principle, that of equality. Without explicitly saying it, he accepts the notion that men are not equal.“ (p. 29) #Todorov #patriotism #equality

Todorov, Tzvetan, Frail Happiness. An Essay on Rousseau; übersetzt von John T. Scott und Robert D. Zaretsky. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press 2001.

Locke: Equality


„A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocal, no one having more than another; there being nothing more evident, than that creatures of the same species and rank, promiscuously born to all the same advantages of nature, and the use of the same faculties, should also be equal one amongst another without subordination or subjection, unless the lord and master of them all should, by any manifest declaration of his will, set one above another, and confer on him, by an evident and clear appointment, an undoubted right to dominion and sovereignty.“ (Sect. 4) #Locke #equality

Mill: Equality


„Each person maintains that equality is the dictate of justice, except where he thinks that expediency requires inequality. The justice of giving equal protection to the rights of all, is maintained by those who support the most outrageous inequality in the rights themselves.“ (p. 91) #Mill # Equality